best oncologist in hyderabad

About Surgical Oncology

The surgical oncology team at Citizens Specialty Hospital is an expert in performing complex cancer surgeries with a high success rate and minimal complications. The advanced technical equipment supports the medical team in performing the surgery for optimal outcomes. Some of the cancers treated at the department are breast cancer, head and neck cancer, soft tissue sarcomas, stomach cancer, esophageal cancer, lung cancer, colon cancer, rectal cancer, liver cancer, and bone cancer.

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The doctor recommends the surgery in cancer patients for the following reasons:

  • Diagnosis of cancer through diagnostic surgery and biopsy
  • Debulking or curative surgery in which the surgeon removes either the complete tumor or a part of the tumor
  • Staging surgery through which the severity and spread of cancer are determined
  • Removal of the precancerous tissues that have a high potential to develop into cancer
  • Reconstructive surgery to restore the aesthetic appearance
  • Palliative surgery in which the surgeon removes the tumor to reduce the symptoms of cancer

Surgery is a highly effective treatment option for removing the complete cancerous tissues when the cancer is in an early stage, is limited at the site of its origin, and has not spread to other organs. However, in case cancer spreads to other body parts, as in cases of advanced cancers, other treatment options, such as chemotherapy or radiation therapy, are prescribed along with surgery.

Some of the techniques of surgery used by the surgeon for the management of cancer are:

  • Open surgery: In this surgery, the surgeon makes a large cut to expose the site of the tumor and removes the tumor.
  • Laparoscopic surgery: Laparoscopic surgery has fewer complications compared to open surgery. In this surgery, the surgeon makes two or three minor cuts and inserts the laparoscope to visualize the tumor. Subsequently, the surgeon makes one or two small cuts to insert the instruments to remove the tumor.
  • Cryosurgery: During this procedure, the surgeon makes use of liquid nitrogen. Liquid nitrogen.It freezes the cancer cells and kills them.
  • Robotic surgery: Robotic surgery is a minimally invasive surgery performed with the help of robotic arms. Compared to laparoscopic or open surgery, robotic surgery is done with high accuracy and precision.
  • Other techniques: Other techniques include endoscopies, Mohs micrographic surgery, embolization surgery, and pleuroscopies.

The side effects of cancer surgery depend upon the type and site of surgery. Some of the common side effects are:

  • Swelling

  • Infection

  • Lymphedema

  • Pain

  • Fatigue

  • Nausea