A heart attack, also called a myocardial infarction, occurs when the supply of blood to the heart is interrupted. This happens due to accumulation of fat, cholesterol and other substances, which form a blockage in the arteries that feed the heart (coronary arteries). A heart attack can be fatal, but treatment has improved dramatically over the years.
The department of Cardiology at Citizens Specialty Hospital, well known as Citizens Heart offers a full range of treatments like angioplasty (heart stenting treatment), open heart surgery, bypass and other services for treating cardiovascular diseases round-the-clock.
Common signs and symptoms of heart attack include:
• Shortness of breath
• Squeezing or aching sensation, pressure in your chest or arms
• Indigestion, heartburn, Nausea or abdominal pain
• Cold sweat
• Light headedness or sudden dizziness
The risk factors of Heart Attack include:
Age: Men and women above the age of 45 and 55 respectively are more likely to have a heart attack than are younger men and women.
Tobacco: Smoking or long-term exposure to second hand smoke can cause cardio vascular diseases leading to Heart Attack.
High blood pressure: High blood pressure can cause damage arteries that feed your heart. The risk increases if High BP occurs with other conditions such as high cholesterol, obesity or diabetes.
Obesity: Obesity can lead to high blood pressure levels, high triglyceride levels, and diabetes, thus increasing your risks of heart attack.
Diabetes: Just like high blood pressure, smoking and high cholesterol levels, having diabetes puts you to increased risk of heart attack.
Lack of physical activity: Regular exercise helps you stay active and hugely contributes to your cardiovascular fitness. Lack of physical activity may lead to obesity and high blood cholesterol levels.
Stress: Studies have shown that the ways you react to stress changes the way blood clots, increasing the risk of heart attack.
• Electrocardiogram (ECG): ECG is used to record the electrical activity (Impulses) of your heart. As an injured heart muscle doesn’t conduct electrical impulses normally, the ECG may show that a heart attack has occurred or is in progress.
• Chest X-ray: A chest X-ray allows doctor to check the size of your heart and its blood vessels.
• Echocardiogram: An echocardiogram can help identify whether an area of your heart has been damaged and isn’t pumping normally.
• Coronary Angiogram: A coronary angiogram uses X-ray imaging to see if there is any restriction in blood flow going to the heart.
• Cardiac CT or MRI: Cardiac CT or MRI can be used to diagnose heart problems, including the extent of damage from heart attacks.
At the Citizens Specialty Hospital, we have a special program called Citizens Heart – which includes cardiology and cardiac surgery specialties. We look at heart care with a holistic perspective that goes beyond superior diagnostic and treatment procedures, to post-treatment management and preventive cardiology. The department offers a full range of treatments like angioplasty (heart stenting treatment), bypass, open heart surgery and other services for treating cardiovascular diseases round-the-clock.
We offer comprehensive Cardiology treatment for adult and pediatric patients of all ages