Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in patients with diabetes. Diabetes is an independent risk factor for cardiovascular disease in both men and women. Almost 65% of the diabetes patients report a CVD-related death. The research has also found that diabetics have lesser possibilities of survival in CVD than patients without diabetes.
High blood pressure (hypertension), abnormal cholesterol and high triglycerides, obesity and lack of physical activity are recognised as the driving forces of CVD with diabetic patients. Hypertension and diabetes together multiplies the risk of CVDs. Patients with diabetes often have unhealthy cholesterol levels including high LDL (bad) cholesterol, low HDL (good) cholesterol, and high triglycerides. This triad of poor lipid counts often occurs in patients with premature coronary heart disease. It is also characteristic of a lipid disorder associated with insulin resistance called atherogenic dyslipidemia, or diabetic dyslipidemia in those patients with diabetes. Obesity and insulin resistance also have been associated with other risk factors, including high blood pressure. Exercising and losing weight can prevent or delay the onset of type 2 diabetes, reduce blood pressure and help reduce the risk for heart attack and stroke.
The physician community is stressing more on the cholesterol controlling mechanism to reduce the risks of CVD along with Cardiomyopathy. Doctors around the world are also exploring the possibilities of antiplatelet drugs and cholesterol management. Citizens Specialty Hospital takes a multi-disciplinary approach to treat diabetes through proper management of the disease and controlling the influencing factors associated with it.
To avoid and delay the adverse effects of diabetes, the patients should be very particular about the regular screenings and timely consumption of medicines as directed by the physician. Most important part of diabetes management is the controlling the disease. Diabetics should undergo a heart screening once every year to be aware of any cardiac issues at the onset. Preventive measures like smart food choices, avoiding sedentary lifestyle, regular exercise and staying away from alcohol and smoking will help the diabetics to evade or delay the cardiac issues for long.
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